|Fairs / Festivals September 2017|
|September 2, 2017||Eid al-Adha||All India|
|September 4, 2017||Onam||South India|
|September 5, 2017||Teacher's Day||All India|
|September 21 to 29, 2017||Navratri||North India|
|September 26, 2017||Durga Puja||All India|
|September 30, 2017||Dussehra||North India|
India, the most colourful country in the world with diverse culture celebrates life every day of the year. September is a month for some amazing festivals and fairs. Let’s take a peek into them
Navaratri, meaning the nine nights, is an important festival of India where Goddess Durga in her various manifestations is worshipped. The festival is celebrated all over India but can be mainly seen in Gujarat and Mumbai. It begins on the day of Mahalaya (new moon) and concludes on Dussehra.
Navratri Celebrations: During Navratri, people fast for nine long days and consume only satvik ( vegetarian food prepared without onions and garlic) food when they break the fast at the end of each day. In the evening and till late night the goddess is again worshipped in the form of dandiya and raas garba (dances of Gujarat), where everyone dressed in their finest traditional clothes dance all night long, in large areas arranged for the event.
|1 - 11 October||Saturday||2016|
|21 - 29 September||Thursday||2017|
|10 - 18 October||Wednesday||2018|
Durga Puja is one of the most important festivals in India. Goddess Shakthi in the form of Durga is worshipped in various parts of India.
Durga Puja Celebrations: In North India the idols of Goddess Durga riding a tiger, as depicted in mythology, is placed in different localities and worshipped for 4 consecutive days. There is a lot of fanfare with loudspeakers blaring music and the streets lit up with colourful lights.
In West Bengal, Durga Puja is marked by the sound of the dhak (drum) and the conch shell reverberating through the air. The belief here is that Ma Durga (as the Bengalis address the goddess)after killing the demon Mahishasur, visits her parents’ place for 4 days, before heading back for Kailash, the abode of her husband Lord Shiva. The Bengalis welcome their Ma every year with great fervour. The idol of Ma Durga in the pose of killing Mahishasur along with the idols of Lord Karthik, Lord Ganesh, Goddess Saraswati, and Goddess Laxmi (who are considered to be Ma Durga’s children as per Bengali tradition) are placed in beautifully constructed pandals. The Puja begins on the sixth day of the new moon, and continues for four days with celebration of great fervour. There are many fairs all over Kolkata, with rides and food stalls, On The 4th day the idol is immersed in rivers symbolising the departure of Ma Durga for Kailash.
|Durga Puja Calendar|
|7 - 11 October||Friday||2016|
|26 to 30 September||Tuesday||2017|
|15 to 19 October||Monday||2018|
The tenth day of Navaratri is celebrated as Dussehra all over India. According to mythology on this day Lord Rama killed Ravana. It is basically symbolic of victory of the good over evil.
Celebrations North India: All over North India very big effigies of Ravana filled with firecrackers are erected in an open area. With very large crowds watching, these effigies are then set on fire. Normally someone in the costume of Lord Rama shoots a lighted arrow at the effigy. As the effigy burns and the firecrackers light up the night sky, there is great rejoicing and people wish each other a Happy Dussehra.
Kullu: Here Dussehra is celebrated to worship Goddess Hadimba, who according to mythology was the wife of Bhim and mother of Ghatotkacha.
Kota: Here a big mela (fair) is organised and artisans come from far and wide with their wares. All the villagers are dressed in traditional clothes and spectacular procession of decorated elephants, camels, horses, folk dancers is taken from the Royal Palace to the fair ground. Ravana effigy is also burnt.
South India: Dussehra is a major festival of Mysore. According to the mythology in Karnataka, on this day Goddess Shakti, in the form of Chamundeshwari, killed the demon Mashishasur. The festival is celebrated on a grand scale, and the highlight is the Mysore Palace, illuminated with nearly 1 lakh light bulbs. There also various cultural programmes all over the city.
This Islamic festival is observed by the Muslims across India to commemorate the acceptance of Ibrahim to sacrifice his son Ishmael as per the command of Allah.
Celebrations: On this day Muslims pray in mosques and listen to sermons given. They sacrifice an animal in an act of qurbani which is symbolic of the sacrifice of Ishmael. People wear new clothes and visit friends and family.
|Eid ul Adha Calendar|
Onam is a 10 day long harvest festival of Kerala. It is believed that King Mahabali, a benevolent Asura King, and the grandson of Prahlada visits Kerala during Onam, and he brings along with him prosperity, health and happiness for the natives. Onam is celebrated to welcome this great king.
Celebrations: The festivities are spectacular, and Kerala is at its beat during Onam. Traditional rituals start very early in the morning. Mahouts take out a procession of beautifully dressed up elephants on the streets. Spectacular carnivals of fireworks, music and folk dance performances like Kathakali and Pulikali (Tiger dance) are hosted all over Kerala.
Onam celebration is unique because of the Aranmula Boat Race, held at Aranmula where there is a temple of Lord Krishna and Arjuna. Pairs of snake boats are rowed across the River Pampa, and they move to the rhythm songs, as thousands of spectators watch from the river banks.