Last Updated: 22nd March, 2019
|Fairs / Festivals April 2019|
|April 06, 2019||Gudi Padwa||South India|
|April 06, 2019||Ugadi||South India|
|April 06 - 14, 2019||Navratri||Northern India|
|April 14, 2019||Ram Navami||Northern India|
|April 14, 2019||Baisakhi||Punjab|
|April 14, 2019||Tamil New Year||Tamil Nadu|
|April 15, 2019||Naba Barsha||West Bangal|
|April 15, 2019||Vishu||Kerala|
April in India is indeed a time for new beginnings as most states of the country celebrate their New Year as per the Hindu Lunar Calendar. Here is a peek at the important festivals of April:
Ugadi and Gudi Padwa are the festivals to usher in the New Year in the month of Chaitra Shukla Pratipada as per Hindu Lunar Calender, and is celebrated by the people in the Deccan region including Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
Celebrations: In Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh Ugadi is celebrated with great fanfare. The day begins with a ritual oil bath and prayers. Families then don new clothes and visit the temple to offer prayers. The almanac for the New Year is recited and prediction for the year is made by the family priest. There is an extended family reunion with a sumptuous feast of the local cuisine including Bevu Bella, a mixture of six ingredients symbolising sadness, happiness, anger, fear, disgust, and surprise. In Maharashtra, the Gudhi, adorned in bright green or yellow cloth is hoisted outside the house where everyone can see it. The Gudhi symbolises victory of King Shalivahana over Sakas, Brahma’s Flag, the Brahmadhvaj, and Lord Rama’s victory over Ravana and his return to Ayodhya. . The people of Maharashtra spring clean the house before this festival and adorned in traditional wear There are many parades held in Mumbai with saree-clad women riding motor bikes and floats depiting the culture of Maharashtra. Apart from Puran Poli and Shrikhand, the feast also includes a neem paste.
Chaitra Navratri is a nine-day festivity which starts on the first day of Hindu Luni-Solar calendar. Since Rama Navami falls on the ninth day of this festival, it is also known as Ram Navaratri. This Navaratri is more popular in the Northern part of India.
Celebrations: People observing this Navaratri fast the nine days with total abstinence from non-vegetarian food and alcohol. The nine days are dedicated to the nine forms of Goddess Shakti. On the ninth day Kumari pooja is done where 9 young girls symbolising the nine forms of Goddess Shakti are invited for puja. The prasad consists of puri, black chana and halwa.
|2016||8th - April||Friday|
|2017||28 - March||Tuesday|
|2018||18 - March||Sunday|
|2019||06 - April||Saturday|
Ram Navami is celebrated to commemorate the birth of Lord Rama. It is celebrated all over India with great religious fervour.
Celebrations: People conduct puja at home on the occasion of Ram NAvami. Processions are taken out in Ayodhya, the birth place of Lord Rama. In Bhadrachalam in Andhra Pradesh a ceremonial wedding of Ram and Sita is organised.
Baisakhi is celebrated in Punjab as a harvest festival, as well as New Year and the commemoration of the Khalsa foundation. The festival is celebrated throughout Punjab and especially in Amritsar as people flock to the Golden Temple.
Celebrations: Bhangra, dancing to folk music, fairs, langar and feasting mark the occasion of Baisakhi. The entire state of Punjab dons a carnival-like look with street processions showcasing the colourful and rich heritage of Punjab.
Tamil people celebrate Tamil New Year on 14th April every year, in the first month of the Tamil solar calendar called Chitterai. People of Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in India, Sri Lankan Tamils and Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka, and Tamils in Malaysia, Singapore, Réunion and Mauritius celebrate Puthandu
Celebrations: The evening before Puthandu, a tray containing fruits, betel leaves and arecanut, gold/silver jewellery, coins/money, flowers and a mirror is placed, and on the morning of the New Year, the family members see this tray first which is supposed to bring good luck for the rest of the year. There are fairs and exhibitions held all over Tamil Nadu. People wear new clothes, visit the temple and attend the reading of the alamanac. Rangoli or Kolams adorn the front of all the houses and there are family gatherings with great feasts.
Poila Baisakh / Naba Barsha is the celebration of Bengali New Year, and is celebrated on the first day of the month of Baisakh which is the first month of the Bengali Calendar.
Celebrations: The front of the houses is adorned with rangolis called alpanas. People wear new clothes and greet each other with “Shubho Naba Borsho”. It is the year ending for all business establishments, and new accounts are opened on this auspicious day. There are family get-togethers featuring the mouth watering delights of Bengal including sweets, vegetarian and non-vegetarian dishes.
Vishu Kani is the Kerala New Year and falls in the month of Medam as per the Malayalam calendar. Vishu is celebrated to commemorate the killing of the demon Narakasura on this day by Lord Krishna. Another belief says that the Demon King Ravana never allowed the Sun God to rise from the East. It was after his death that the Sun God rose in the East for the first time on the day of Vishu.
Celebrations: Vishu is celebrated with great fervour by the Hindus of Kerala. Vishu Kani literally means the first sight in the morning. The people of kerala believe that on the day of Vishu it is auspicious to see a tray laden with raw rice, fresh lemon, golden cucumber, coconut, jack Fruit, Kanmashi Kajal, betel leaves, Cassia fistula, Kerala's state flower, areca nut, metal mirror, holy texts, coins and currency notes. People wear new clothes and have a feast of Sadhya, the traditional Kerala lunch consisting of 22 courses.