|Fairs / Festivals October 2019|
|September 29, 2019||Navratri||All India|
|October 4 to 8, 2019||Durga Puja||All India|
|October 8, 2019||Dussehra||North India|
|October 17th, 2019||Karwa Chauth||North India|
|October 25, 2019||Dhanteras||All India|
|October 26, 2019||Kali Puja||West Bengal|
|October 27th, 2019||Diwali||All India|
|October 29, 2019||Bhai Dooj||North India|
India is a land of festivals, for the people of India believe in celebrating life. And October here can be described as the Queen of all months where festivals and fairs are concerned. Some of the major festivals in India normally fall in the month of October. Here is a list of the few important ones:
Navratri, which means the nine nights, is an important festival celebrated in India. It is on this day that Goddess Durga and her various incarnations are brought home and worshipped. The festivities continue for nine days. The festival is celebrated all over India with full fervor and enthusiasm. It begins on the day of Mahalaya (new moon) and concludes on Dussehra.
Celebrations: During Navratri, people fast for nine long days and consume only satvik (vegetarian food prepared without onions and garlic) food when they break the fast at the end of each day. In the evening and till late night the goddess is again worshipped in the form of dandiya and raas garba, where everyone dressed in their finest traditional clothes dance all night long, in large areas arranged for the event. During Navratri, festivities take place all over India. In Gujarat Garba is played by Dandiya, in West Bengal, huge poojas are organized, in North India people perform folk dance and organize Ramayana plays.
What to do and what not to do during Navratri?
To do -
Visit the temple daily during Navratri to seek the blessings of the Goddess.
Offer water to people who are thirsty, especially during Navratri.
Clean your surroundings and wear clean clothes.
Fasting is an integral part of Navratri so one should keep a fast during the nine days.
Not to do -
Avoid consuming alcohol.
Avoid eating non-vegetarian food.
Avoid lying or hurting anyone.
|1 - 11 October||Saturday||2016|
|21 - 29 September||Thursday||2017|
|10 - 18 October||Wednesday||2018|
|29 Sep. - 7 Oct||Sunday||2019|
Durga Pooja, one of the most important festival celebrated in India, is the major festival of Bengali community. During Durga Pooja, the Goddess Shakti is worshipped in various forms. The festival continues for 4 days.
Celebrations:In West Bengal people wake up before sunrise and pray to Goddess Durga to come on Earth. After the pooja, they blow conch shell that reverberates through the air in the morning. In the evening again pooja is held and celebrations take place. On the last day, Sandhi Pooja takes place on a grand scale. It is believed that Ma Durga (as the Bengalis address the goddess) after killing the demon Mahishasur, visits her parents’ place for 4 days, before heading back to Kailash, the abode of her husband Lord Shiva. People welcome their Ma every year with great fervor. The idol of Ma Durga in the pose of killing Mahishasur along with the idols of Lord Karthik, Lord Ganesh, Goddess Saraswati, and Goddess Laxmi (who are considered to be Ma Durga’s children as per Bengali tradition) are placed in beautifully constructed pandals. The Puja begins on the sixth day of the new moon and continues for four days with the celebration of great fervor. There are many fairs all over India, with rides and food stalls, On The 4th day the idol is immersed in rivers symbolizing the departure of Ma Durga for Kailash. There is a lot of fanfare with loudspeakers blaring music and the streets lit up with colorful lights.
|Durga Puja Calendar|
|7 - 11 October||Friday||2016|
|26 to 30 September||Tuesday||2017|
|15 to 20 October||Monday||2018|
|4 to 8 October||Friday||2019|
The tenth day of Navaratri is celebrated as Dussehra all over India. As per popular beliefs, on this day Lord Rama, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, killed Ravana, the king of Lanka. The festival basically symbolizes the victory of good over evil
Celebrations North India: All over North India very big effigies of Ravana filled with firecrackers are erected in an open area. With very large crowds watching, these effigies are then set on fire. Normally someone in the costume of Lord Rama shoots a lighted arrow at the effigy. As the effigy burns and the firecrackers light up the night sky, there is great rejoicing and people wish each other a Happy Dussehra.
Kullu: Here Dussehra is celebrated to worship Goddess Hadimba, who according to mythology was the wife of Bhim and mother of Ghatotkacha. Celebrations in Himachal Pradesh are also held on a grand scale. Specifically, the Dusshera of Kullu is extremely popular which attracts tourists from worldwide. Grand scale celebrations are held to show respect to Lord Rama and Goddess Durga during Navaratri.
Kota: Here a big Mela (fair) is organized and artisans come from far and wide with their wares. All the villagers are dressed in traditional clothes and a spectacular procession of decorated elephants, camels, horses, folk dancers is taken from the Royal Palace to the fairground. Ravana effigy is also burnt.
Karnataka: Dussehra is a major festival of Mysore. According to the mythology in Karnataka, on this day Goddess Shakti, in the form of Chamundeshwari, killed the demon Mashishasur. The festival is celebrated on a grand scale, and the highlight is the Mysore Palace, illuminated with nearly 1 lakh light bulbs. There also various cultural programmes all over the city.
Gujarat: In Gujarat, Dandiya festival is organized on this occasion. The sounds of dandiya sticks, dhol, and tunes of garba can be heard everywhere in the state. Traditional costumes are worn and dances are performed by men and women altogether.
Tamil Nadu: In Tamil Nadu, these nine days are celebrated worshipping goddesses and exchanging gifts. Married women are given bangles, bindi, and other ornamental stuff. A ritual called Kolu is the most interesting part of the festival in which the staircase is decorated with dolls.
Maharashtra: In Maharashtra, Navaratri is significant for new beginnings. It is considered the best time to buy property or initiate new business ventures. Gifts are exchanged, dandiya is played and traditional dances are performed during Navaratri.
In other parts of India including West Bengal, Bihar and North-east the last four days are considered extremely significant. Durga Puja is considered as the most popular festival and the victory of Goddess Durga over evil is celebrated with full fervor and enthusiasm.
Diwali or Deepavali is the Festival of Lights, and one of the most important festivals of India This festival has several connotations including the beginning of a new year for many in North India, return of Lord Rama after 14 years of exile, the killing of Narakasura by Lord Krishna, and the yearly Kali Puja for the Bengalis.
Celebrations: Preparations for Diwali begins many days in advance with the spring cleaning of the house and preparation of a variety of homemade sweets and savouries.
For the people of South, Diwali is on Chathurdasi, which is the day before the new moon or Amavasya. People get up before sunrise, have an oil bath and wear new clothes before lighting firecrackers.
In Bengal, Assam and Orissa, Diwali is celebrated in the form of Kali Puja. The puja begins after midnight on Amavasya, and continues through the night. People fast the entire day and break it only after the puja is over. The unique feature of Kali Puja is the Tantric ceremonies that take place in some temples and also the offering of meat and liquor to Kali Mata by some devotees.
In North India, Diwali ushers in the New Year. People sporting new clothes worship Lord Ganesha and Goddess Laxmi. People all over India light up their houses with electric lights and earthen diyas (lamps). Rangolis and candles adorn the houses. The sky is lit with firecrackers.
Bhai Dooj is a festival which celebrates the eternal bond of love and affection between brothers and sisters. It is celebrated on Dooj, which is the second day of the new moon, in north, west and eastern parts of India.
As per mythology, on this day Lord Yama visits his sister Yami who greets him with a tilak (vermillion) on the forehead for his well being.
Another legend says that Lord Krishna, after killing Narakasura, visits his sister Subhadra on this day , who greets him with a tilak.
|Bhai Dooj Calendar|